Master list: Company Formation

updated on 20. June 2022 14 minutes reading time
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The Company Formation section of firma.de’s blog is filled with articles aimed at educating you on the bureaucratic ins and outs of establishing a business in Germany. We’ve categorised all the posts so you can quickly search and go!

What else can I learn?

We also have master lists for each section of the blog. We hope you find it useful!

Contents

 

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Andreas Munck

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Don’t know where to start? 

Hi, I’m Andreas. For over a decade I have been advising founders on how to do business in Germany. I’d be happy to call you and answer your questions about starting a business in my home country.

 

 

GmbH

GmbH contents:

 

The basics

 

What is a GmbH? 

GmbH: The Pros and Cons of the German Limited Liability Company (LLC)
What is a GmbH? Definition and costs
What is the difference between the AG and the GmbH

What is an asset-managing GmbH?

Vermögensverwaltende GmbH: What is an asset-managing GmbH and for who is it suitable?

What is the non-profit incorporated company in Germany?

gGmbH: What is the German non-profit limited liability company?

 

Getting started

How to guides

How to set up a company in Germany: A company formation checklist
How to set up a GmbH: Your guide to starting a limited liability company in Germany
How to choose the right legal form for your business in Germany
How to set up a gGmbH: Your guide to starting a non-profit company in Germany

Starting a GmbH outside of Germany

Forming a German company from outside of Germany
Forming a company from abroad: Legalisation
What is an Apostille? Procedure and application

Visas and residence permits

Aufenthaltstitel: Do I have the right residence permit to start a business in Germany?
Visas for starting a business in Germany: A plain English guide
Settlement permit: How to apply for a German Permanent Residence Permit

Banking

Geschäftskonto: The business bank account for GmbHs and UGs 
Digital business accounts: A comparison of online banks in Germany
Opening a business bank account in Germany: Comparison and FAQs
Opening a German Bank Account as a Non-German Citizen: How It Works
Why entrepreneurs should have five bank accounts in Germany

When to form a GmbH

Timing is everything: When to form a UG or GmbH

Company name 

How to find the perfect company name for your UG or GmbH
Name check by the IHK: Is the company name I want still available?

Website legal disclosure

Impressum: What to include in a company legal disclosure in Germany (including free template)

Articles of association

Musterprotokoll vs Gesellschaftsvertrag: How are they different?

Notary appointments

The notary appointment for company incorporation in Germany: What founders need to know
Digital GmbH incorporation: Everything you need to know about the new online notary appointment

Tax questionnaire

Fragebogen zur steuerlichen Erfassung: Everything you need to know about the tax registration questionnaire

 

Bureaucracy

All the different registrations for the GmbH

German limited liability companies (GmbH & UG) and the Handelsregister: From registration to removal
Registering a Limited Liability Company in Germany (GmbH or UG): Here’s how!

Registering with the trade office

Gewerbeanmeldung: Everything You Need to Know About Trade Registration in Germany
How to fill out the Gewerbeanmeldung (trade registration) form

Registering with the transparency register

Transparenzregister: What is the Transparency Register?

 

How things work

CEO/Managing Director

CEO salary in a GmbH: How much is a GmbH CEO allowed to earn?
The responsibilities of the GmbH’s CEO

Company objective

The company objective (Unternehmensgegenstand): Definition and formulation

Equity/shares

GmbH-Anteile: Everything you need to know about German LLC shares

Share capital

GmbH Stammkapital (share capital)
Stammeinlage and the GmbH: Delving into capital contributions in Germany

Shareholders

GmbH shareholder rights and obligations
Die Sperrminorität einer GmbH: What is a GmbH blocking minority?
How to do a shareholders’ resolution (Gesellschafterbeschluss) for the GmbH

Asset management companies

Forming an Immobiliengesellschaft in Germany: How to save on taxes with a real estate GmbH
Vermögensverwaltende GmbH: What is an asset-managing GmbH and for whom is it suitable?

 

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UG (haftungsbeschränkt)

UG contents:

 

The basics

What is a UG?

What is a UG (haftungsbeschränkt)? – Definition and facts
The UG Corporation

What is the non-profit UG?

The gUG (haftungsbeschränkt): The non-profit legal form of the UG (haftungsbeschränkt)

 

Getting started

How to guides for the UG

How to set up a UG company: Your guide to starting an entrepreneurial company in Germany
How to set up a company in Germany: A company formation checklist
How to choose the right legal form for your business in Germany

Starting a UG from outside Germany

Forming a German company from outside of Germany
Forming a company from abroad: Legalisation
What is an Apostille? Procedure and application

Visas and residence permits

Aufenthaltstitel: Do I have the right residence permit to start a business in Germany?
Visas for starting a business in Germany: A plain English guide
Settlement permit: How to apply for a German Permanent Residence Permit

Bank accounts for the UG

Geschäftskonto: The business bank account for GmbHs and UGs in Germany
Opening a business bank account in Germany: Comparison and FAQs
Opening a German Bank Account as a Non-German Citizen: How It Works
Why entrepreneurs should have five bank accounts in Germany or: The problem of terminated German bank accounts
Digital business accounts: A comparison of online banks in Germany

When to form a UG

Timing is everything: When to form a UG or GmbH
Forming a UG: Should I use the calendar year as my company’s financial year in Germany?

How to name your UG

How to find the perfect company name for your UG or GmbH
Name check by the IHK: Is the company name I want still available?

Website legal disclosures for the UG

Impressum: What to include in a company legal disclosure in Germany (including free template)

Articles of association of the UG

Musterprotokoll vs Gesellschaftsvertrag: How are they different?
Should I use the Musterprotokoll or bespoke articles of association when incorporating a UG in Germany?
The UG’s Gesellschaftsvertrag: The articles of association of Germany’s entrepreneurial company

Notary appointments

The notary appointment for company incorporation in Germany: What founders need to know
What are the notary fees for forming a UG in Germany?

Tax questionnaire

Fragebogen zur steuerlichen Erfassung: Everything you need to know about the tax registration questionnaire

 

How things work

Company objective of the UG

The company objective (Unternehmensgegenstand): Definition and formulation

Shareholders of the UG

UG-Gesellschafter: The Rights and obligations of UG Shareholders
What is the difference between a UG’s shareholder and its CEO?

Share capital of the UG

UG Stammkapital: Incorporating a company in Germany has never been easier

 

Bureaucracy

All the different registrations for the UG

German limited liability companies (GmbH & UG) and the Handelsregister: From registration to removal

Registering a Limited Liability Company in Germany (GmbH or UG): Here’s how!

Registering a UG at the trade office

Gewerbeanmeldung: Everything You Need to Know About Trade Registration in Germany
How to fill out the Gewerbeanmeldung (trade registration) form

Registering with the transparency register

Transparenzregister: What is the Transparency Register?

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Holding

How to set up a Holding: Your guide to starting a holding structure in GermanyWhat is a Holding? Definition, formation and FAQs about holding structures in Germany
Subsidiary and spin-off companies in Germany: Corporation law explained in simple terms

GbR

The basics

What is the GbR? Everything you need to know about the civil law partnership in Germany
The GbR for Freiberufler: The business partnership for liberal professionals in Germany

How things work

GbR contracts: Essential information + free PDF template
GbR liability: How to protect your private assets as a founder
The unwanted GbR: Tips for shared workspaces

How to guide

How to start a GbR: Your guide to starting a civil law partnership in Germany

 

Einzelunternehmen

The pros and cons of Einzelunternehmen (sole proprietorships): Are they better than other legal forms in Germany?
How to set up an Einzelunternehmen: Your guide to starting a sole proprietorship in Germany
How to name your Einzelunternehmen: A guide for small traders, freelancers & registered merchants in Germany

 

 

Freiberufler

What is a Freiberufler? Everything you need to know about the liberal professions in Germany

 

AG

How to set up an Aktiengesellschaft (AG): Your guide to starting a stock company in GermanyWhat is an Aktiengesellschaft (stock company)?
What is the difference between the AG and the GmbH?
How to choose the right legal form for your business in Germany

 

Specific industries

How to open a retail business: Own your own shop in Germany
How to open a sports shop in Germany
Establishing a Taxiunternehmen: How to open a taxi service in Germany
E-cigarette shops in Germany: Tips for opening your own shop
Opening a Kita: How to establish your own childcare centre
Establishing an Agentur: How to open your own agency in Germany
Establishing a Werbeagentur: How to open your own advertising agency in Germany
Setting up an Ambulanter Pflegedienst: How to start your own ambulatory nursing service

 

GmbH & Co. KG

What is a GmbH & Co. KG (limited liability company & limited partnership)?

 

Business bank accounts

Geschäftskonto: The business bank account for GmbHs and UGs in Germany
Opening a business bank account in Germany: Comparison and FAQs
Opening a German Bank Account as a Non-German Citizen: How It Works
Why entrepreneurs should have five bank accounts in Germany or: The problem of terminated German bank accounts
Digital business accounts: A comparison of online banks in Germany

 

How to start any business in Germany

  1. Aufenthaltstitel: Do I have the right residence permit to start a business in Germany?
  2. How to set up a business in Germany: An overview for entrepreneurs

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